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Transportation

 Airports 

Town Airport’s name ICAO IATA Usage Customs Runway IFR Runway Length
Buonmathuot Buonmathuot VVBM BMV Civ. No Paved No 5900 ft
Camau Vietnam Camau VVCM Civ. No Paved No 3400 ft
Camly Vietnam Camly VVCL Civ. No Paved No 4500 ft
Cantho Tra Noc VVCT Civ No Paved No 6000 ft
Conson Conson VVCS   Civ   Unpaved No 3600 ft
Dalat Lienkhoung VVDL DLI Civ   Paved No 7700 ft
Danang Danang Intl VVDN DAD Civ Yes Paved Yes 10000 ft
Dienbien Dienbien VVDB   Civ   Unpaved No 4500 ft
Haiphong Catbi VVCI HPH Civ.   Paved No 7800 ft
Hanoi Gialam VVGL   Mil.   Paved No 6700 ft
Hanoi Noibai Intl VVNB HAN Civ. Yes Paved No 10400 ft
Hochiminh Tansonnhat VVTS SGN Civ. Yes Paved Yes 10000 ft
Hue Phubai VVPB HUI Civ.   Paved No 8800 ft
Nasan Nasan VVNS   Civ.   Unpaved No 7800 ft
Nhatrang Nhatrang VVNT NHA Civ.   Paved No 6100 ft
Phucat Phucat VVPC   Civ.   Paved No 10000 ft
Phuquoc Duongdong VVPQ PQC Civ.   Paved No 4900 ft
Pleiku Pleiku VVPK PXU Civ.   Paved No 6000 ft
Rachgia Rachgia VVRG VKG Civ.   Paved No 4900 ft
TuyhoaVietnam Dong Tac VVTH   Civ. No Paved No 9500 ft
Vinh Vinh VVVH VII Mil.   Unpaved No 7100 ft

Explanations on technical data

ICAO-code

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a 4-letter airport location indicator. The field above is left blank if no ICAO location indicator is available for the selected airport.

IATA-code

International Air Transport Association (IATA), a 3-letter identifier for the relevant airport. The field above is left blank if no IATA code is available for the selected airport.

Usage

Airports are classified in three categories: civil airports open for public use, military airports and private airports not open to the public. Airports that are for joint use, both civil and military, are shown as civil airports.

Civ.         Civil airport, open for public use (including joint use).

Mil.          Military airport, not open for public use.

Priv.        Private airport, not open for public use.

Customs

Yes                         Customs service available during airport operating hours.

No                           Customs service not available.

O/R                         Airport has customs service, prior notification is required.

Pto.                         Airport has part-time customs service available, not necessarily identical with the airport hours.

ADCUS                  An airport within the USA for which the FAA 'ADCUS' method of prior notification may be used.

ADCUS O/R          An airport within the USA for which the FAA 'ADCUS' method of prior notification may be used but  where restrictions apply.

Runway

Identification of the surface of the longest runway available:

Paved                    Paved (hard surface) runway

Unpaved               Unpaved (soft surface) runway (Only for lighter aircraft)

Water                     Water (for float planes).

IFR

This field indicates if the airport has any officially published instrument approach procedure.

Yes         Instrument approach procedure is published.

No           Instrument approach procedure is not published. (Airport not suitable for traffic during bad weather or darkness.)

Runway Length

Shows the length in feet of the longest runway available at the selected airport, rounded down to the next full hundred feet. If the airport has both hard (paved) and soft (unpaved) runways, the length of the longest hard surface runway is shown. If the longest runway is both, hard and soft surface, the length of the hard surface portion is shown.

Shipping Ports

  • Port of Ba Ngoi

Port of Ba Ngoi in Ba Ngoi, Khanh Hoa

Ba Ngoi Port Name,

Port of Ba Ngoi   Port Authority,

Port Type: Seaport,

Port Size:   Small

  • Cam Pha Port in Cam Pha, Quang Hinh

Cam Pha Port Name,

Cam Pha Port Port Authority,

Port Type:Pier, Jetty or Wharf

Port Size:   Small 

  • Port of Cao Lanh

Port of Cao Lanh in Cao Lanh, Dong

Cao Lanh Port Name,

Port of Cao Lanh Port Authority,

Port Type:River Port,

Port Size:   Very Small 

  • Port of Cua Cam

Port of Cua Cam in Cua Cam

Cua Cam Port Name,

Port of Cua Cam Port Authority

Port Type: River Port

Port Size:   Very Small 

  • Da Nang Port

Lies at the southern end of a bay off the South China Sea in east central Vietnam some 622 kilometers northeast of Saigon Port in Ho Chi Min City. One of the country's biggest cities, Da Nang Port has an excellent harbour enclosed to the east by the Tien Sa Peninsula and Cape Da Nang. In 2008, about 900 thousand people lived in Da Nang Port.

In addition to being one of the country's major container ports, Da Nang Port is an industrial city with a fast-growing economy. The major products produced in Da Nang Port's 4900 factories are seafood, furniture, household goods, and clothing. Tourism is also important to the local economy.

  • Port of Dai Hung

Port of Dai Hung in Dai Hung

Dai Hung Port Name,

Port of Dai Hung Port Authority

Port Size:   Very Small

  • Sa Dec Terminal

Sa Dec Terminal in Dong Thap, Nong Thap

Dong Thap Port Name,

Sa Dec Terminal Port Authority,

Port Type: River Port

Port Size:   Very Small 

  • Port of Hai Phong

Port of Hai Phong in Hai Phong

Hai Phong Port Name,

Port of Hai Phong Port Authority

Port Type: River Port

Port Size:   Small 

  • Saigon Port

Serves Vietnam's biggest city and is the capital of Cochinchina, a French protectorate from 1862 until 1954, and of South Vietnam from 1954 until 1975. Saigon Port lies on the Song Sai Gon (Saigon) River about 80 kilometers north of the Mekong River Delta and the South China Sea. After a century of French colonial rule of Siagon Port and influenced by the United States over almost two decades, Saigon Port retains many of the features of a European city, although its character has changed since the unification of Vietnam. In 2004, over 3.4 million people lived in Saigon Port.

Saigon Port is Vietnam's most important economic center, accounting for a fifth of the nation's Gross Domestic Product and almost a third of its industrial production. Saigon Port industries are  diverse and range from mining, processing seafood, agriculture, and construction to trade, industry, finance, and tourism. The local Saigon Port economy is largely dependent on the service sector and construction. Foreign investment in Saigon Port continues to increase, aimed at hi-tech activities and services. In 2007, Saigon Port received three million foreign tourists and more than 50 million metric tons of cargo.

  • Nha Trang Port

Nha Trang Port in Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa

Nha Trang Port Name,

Nha Trang Port Port Authority,

Port Type: Harbor Port,

Size:   Small 

  • Port of Phu My

Port of Phu My in Phu My, Ba Ria-Vung Tàu

Phu My Port Name

Port of Phu My Local Port Name,

Phu My Port Port Authority

Port Type: River Port

Port Size:   Small 

  • Quang Ninh Port

Quang Ninh Port in Quang Ninh, Quang Ninh,

Quang Ninh Port Name,

Quang Ninh Port Port Authority:

Port Type:   Harbor Port, Size:   Small 

  • Vat Cach Port

Vat Cach Port in Vat Cach

Vat Cach Port Name,

Vat Cach Port Port Authority,

Port Type:River Port,

Port Size:   Small 

Local Transport 

  • Getting Around by Air 

Vietnam Airlines (VN) (www.vietnamairlines.com) operates daily flights between Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hué, Da Nang and Nha Trang. Regular services are also provided between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City to Buon Ma Thuot, Dalat, Phu Quoc, Pleiku and Qui Nhon. The Northern Airport Flight Service Companyoperates flights by helicopter to Halong Bay from Hanoi. 

  • Getting Around by Water 

A local network operates between ports. There are hydrofoils from Haiphong to Cat Ba and Mong Cai and express boats from Rach Gia to Phu Quoc, which can be booked by local travel agents or in person at the dock. Greenlines (tel: (08) 821 8185) operates a hydrofoil from Ho Chi Minh City to Vung Tau. 

  • Getting Around by Rail 

Visitors may use the rail transport system independently or as part of a rail tour. Express long-distance trains are faster than local services, more reliable and more comfortable. Although a few carriages now have air conditioning, facilities are still short of international standards. The main rail route connects Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City and the journey can take between 30 and 40 hours. There are also services from Hanoi to Haiphong, Dong Dang and Lao Cai. Contact Vietnam Railways (tel: (04) 942 2770; www.vr.com.vn) for more information. Tickets should be bought at railway stations. 

There are plans to speed up the route, but nothing has transpired yet and it may not happen until 2013. When it does happen, the journey time could be reduced to less than 10 hours. 

  • Getting Around by Road 

The road network throughout Vietnam is reasonable but the standard of the roads varies dramatically from good to appalling. Roads throughout Vietnam are designated by numbers and the main north to south route is Highway 1 connecting Hanoi with Ho Chi Minh City. In theory, traffic drives on the right but in practice drivers take the most direct path avoiding the many thousands of bicycles, motorbikes and animals wandering along the road. 

Coach/bus: Services are often poor and overcrowded, although long-distance buses are sometimes more modern and air-conditioned. Saigon Passenger Transport Company (tel: (08) 920 3623 or 829 7278) operates inter-province services from Ho Chi Minh City. May go in person to the bus station in advance to purchase tickets.

Car hire: It is possible to hire chauffeur-driven cars from travel companies. Self-drive car hire is non-existent.

Regulations: Seat belts are not compulsory in Vietnam. 

Documentation: An International Driving Permit and a test (taken in Vietnam) are required for long-term residents. 

  • Getting Around Towns and Cities 

There are local bus services in Ho Chi Minh City and in Hanoi. It is also possible to travel by taxi, motorbike or cyclo (cycle rickshaw; motorized version also exists). Taxi drivers do not expect to be tipped, but it is welcomed. Hopping on the back of a ‘moto' is the cheapest way to travel, if you have the stomach for the crazy driving. Agree the price first and make sure they have a good helmet! 

Transport in Vietnam: Taxis, motorbikes and bike rickshaws: 

For the shorter transfers, for example from your hotel to the airport/railway station or vice versa, it's best to take a taxi. These are very easy to arrange locally and it's more economical (and fun) for you to book them locally. When you're staying in  towns and cities, we recommend, use bike rickshaws or motorbikes. From your rickshaw seat or motorbike you'll get to experience of the city from close by and very personal, and it's fun too. These short journeys will cost on average 1-2 dollars, depending on your haggling skills ! For a taxi from the airport in Ho Chi Minh City or Hanoi to your hotel will probably cost around US $15-20 dollars.